Place sesame seeds in a small frying pan over medium heat. Cook, tossing, for 1-2 minutes or until toasted. Remove from heat and set aside.
Place carrot, bean sprouts (or cucumber), green onion, cabbage and sesame seeds in a large bowl. Gently toss to combine.
To make the dressing, place soy sauce, vinegar, peanut oil, sugar and sesame oil in a screw-top jar and shake until well combined. Taste and season with salt and pepper.
Drizzle vegetables with dressing and serve immediately.